The Northern Sea Route
The Northern Sea Route, especially the Northeast Passage, is a shipping lane officially defined by Russian legislation between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean specifically running along the Russian Arctic coast from Murmansk on the Barents Sea, along Siberia, to the Bering Strait and Far East.
The route lies in Arctic waters and parts are free of ice for only two months per year. Along with the warming in the Arctic, the passage can be used more and more for shipping. Energy and time savings compared to the normally used route vie Suez Canal are about 30-40%.
Facts 2011 & 2012