Facts about the Barents Euro-Arctic Region

Around 5.2 million people live in this area, which is three times as large as France. This Euro-Arctic region is characterised by its harsh climate and long distances. But no other part of Europe and indeed few places on earth, are equally rich in forests, fish, minerals, oil and gas.

Besides such natural resources the Barents Euro-Arctic Region has a skilled labour force and constitutes a meeting point between the European Union, the Russian Federation and Norway. Arctic and sub-arctic indigenous peoples (Sami, Nenets and Vepsians) live in the Barents Region, in many ways leading the kind of lives that they have traditionally led.

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The Barents Region (click the names on the map to get more information).

The majority of the Barents Region belongs to the temperate conifer zone whereas the Scandinavian mountain chain, the northern parts of the Kola Peninsula, the Nenets Area and Novaja Zemlja are part of the Arctic tundra. The location mainly north of the Arctic Circle gives a period of exotic midnight sun and also long and dark polar nights.

Find out more about:
 Territory and Population
 History of the Region
 Economy and natural resources
 Maps

Surface area:
1 755 800 sq km

Consists of:
13 counties (equiv.) in the northernmost parts of Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden:
Kainuu
Lapland
Oulu region
Finnmark
Nordland
Troms
Arkhangelsk
Karelia
Komi
Murmansk
Nenets
Norrbotten
Västerbotten
    
Total population:
appr. 5 206 000 (2012).

Population Density:
2,9 inhab. per sq km.
Varies from 0,24 (Nenets) to 11,3 (Oulu).
Comparisons: France 116 and Netherlands 409 inhab./sq km.

 

 

From the Barents Euro-Arctic Council's website